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Saturday, August 4, 2012

Asia Maldives Islands



 
Population :  320 165 habitants (est. 2002)
Pays voisins : Aucun
Densité : 1 074.38 hab./km²
Superficie : 298 km²
Capitale : Male
Principales villes : Gan
Point culminant : 24 m.
Langue(s) parlée(s) : Divehi
Langue(s) officielle(s) : Divehi
Monnaie : Rufiyaa
Fête nationale : 26 juillet
Statut : République


 


Maldives (, or ), (Dhivehi: ދިވެހިރާއްޖެ, Dhivehi Raa'je), officially Republic of Maldives (Dhivehi: ދިވެހިރާއްޖޭގެ ޖުމްހޫރިއްޔާ, Dhivehi Raa'jeyge Jumhooriyya), also referred to as the Maldive Islands, is an island nation in the Indian Ocean formed by a double chain of twenty-six atolls oriented north-south off India's Lakshadweep Islands, between Minicoy Island and Chagos Archipelago. It stands in the Laccadive Sea, about south-west of Sri Lanka and south-west of India. During the colonial era, the Dutch referred to the country as "Maldivische Eilanden" in their documentation, while "Maldive Islands" is the anglicised version of the local name used by the British, which later came to be written "Maldives".

 The Maldives was dominated from the mid sixteenth century by colonial powers: Portugal, the Netherlands, and Britain. In 1965, the Maldives gained independence from the British, becoming a republic. It was then ruled by a sultanate and an authoritarian government. After protests and political pressure for democracy, the first free elections in the history of the Maldives were held in 2008, leading to the election of Mohamed Nasheed. However, following the 2011-2012 Maldives Crisis and accompanying coup d'état, Nasheed was forced to resign in February 2012. Vice President Mohammed Waheed Hassan Manik was thus sworn in as the new president.

 The archipelago is located on top of the Chagos-Maldives-Laccadive Ridge, a vast submarine mountain range in the Indian Ocean. Maldives also form a terrestrial ecoregion together with the Chagos and the Lakshadweep. The atolls of Maldives encompass a territory spread over roughly , making it one of the world's most geographically dispersed countries. Its population of 328,536 (2012) inhabits 200 of its 1,192 islands. Maldives' capital and largest city Malé had a population of 103,693 in 2006. It is located at the southern edge of North Malé Atoll, in the Kaafu Atoll. It is also one of the Administrative divisions of the Maldives. Traditionally it was the King's Island where the ancient Maldive Royal dynasties were enthroned.

 Maldives is the smallest Asian country in both population and land area. With an average ground level of above sea level, it is the planet's lowest country. It is also the country with the lowest natural highest point in the world, at ; the Maldives' forecast inundation is a great concern for the Maldivian people.
 
 



Small country in southwestern Asia, the Republic of Maldives consists of 1,196 islands with a total area of 298 sq. km. It is divided into 19 administrative atolls (Alif, Baa, Dhaalu, Faafu, Gaafu Alif, Gaafu Dhaalu, Gnaviyani, Haa Alif, Haa Dhaalu, Kaafu, Laamu, Lhaviyani, Meemu, Noonu, Raa, Seenu, Shaviyani, Thaa and Vaavu) home to just over 300,000 inhabitants.
Primarily known for its tourist side is a key destination considered a paradise. Beaches and seabed annually attracts vacationers with key activities such as diving or surfing more.

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