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Saturday, July 14, 2012

Oceania Papua New Guinea


 
Population: 5 172 033 habitants (est. 2002)
Neighboring countries: Indonésie
Density: 11.20 hab./km²
Area: 461 691 km²
capital: Port Moresby
Top Cities: Lae, Madang, Wewak, Goroka, Rabaul, Mount Hagen
Mountain Highlight: Mount Wilhelm 4 694 m.
Language: Papou, Mélanésien, Enga
Official: Anglais
Currency: Kina
National Day: 16 septembre
Status: Démocratie parlementaire


1Kandep My HOME http://kandepmyhome.blogspot.com/
2My Dreams http://lizzy-crown.blogspot.com/
3Hypatia's Agora http://hypatiasagora.blogspot.com/
4Malum Nalu http://malumnalu.blogspot.com/
5Till All Have Heard http://jon-missydamon.blogspot.com/
6Papua New Guinea Blogs http://www.pngblogs.com/
7TIMIPOTU NEWS http://timipotu.blogspot.com/




 
Papua New Guinea (PNG; Tok Pisin: Papua Niugini), officially the Independent State of Papua New Guinea, is a country in Oceania, occupying the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and numerous offshore islands (the western portion of the island is a part of the Indonesian provinces of Papua and West Papua). It is located in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, in a region defined since the early 19th century as Melanesia. The capital is Port Moresby.

Papua New Guinea is one of the most culturally diverse countries on Earth. According to recent data, 841 different languages are listed for the country, although 11 of these have no known living speakers. (A detailed series of language maps of Papua New Guinea may be found at Ethnologue) There may be at least as many traditional societies, out of a population of about 6.2 million. It is also one of the most rural, as only 18% of its people live in urban centres. The country is one of the world's least explored, culturally and geographically, and many undiscovered species of plants and animals are thought to exist in the interior of Papua New Guinea.

Strong growth in the mining and resource sector has led to PNG becoming the 7th fastest-growing economy in the world as of 2011. Despite this, the majority of the population still live in traditional societies and practice subsistence-based agriculture. These societies and clans have some explicit acknowledgement within the nation's constitutional framework. The PNG Constitution expresses the wish for "traditional villages and communities to remain as viable units of Papua New Guinean society", and for active steps to be taken in their preservation.

After being ruled by three external powers since 1884, Papua New Guinea gained its independence from Australia in 1975. It remains a Commonwealth realm of Her Majesty Elizabeth II, Queen of Papua New Guinea. Many people live in extreme poverty, with about one third of the population living on less than US$1.25 per day.
 



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